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Q&A How to get QPixel bundle install working without sudo privileges on Debian?

2 answers  ·  posted 12mo ago by zetyty‭  ·  last activity 11mo ago by zetyty‭

Question support
#6: Post edited by user avatar zetyty‭ · 2023-07-14T20:22:12Z (11 months ago)
change Debian 12 install iso link
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that
  • you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • **EDIT 1.1 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):** If I try to install bundle WITHOUT sudo, I got the following error message:
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem install bundler
  • Fetching bundler-2.4.16.gem
  • ERROR: While executing gem ... (Gem::FilePermissionError)
  • You don't have write permissions for the /var/lib/gems/3.1.0 directory.
  • ```
  • # Set up
  • ## WSL2 Debian 11
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
  • **EDIT 1.2 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):**
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user and "Rigal" is the Windows host user)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  •   - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  •   - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  •   - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •   - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •   - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  •   - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  •   - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  •   - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  •   - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  •   - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  •      - ruby
  •      - x86_64-linux
  •   - GEM PATHS:
  •      - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •   - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  •      - :update_sources => true
  •      - :verbose => true
  •      - :backtrace => false
  •      - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  •   - REMOTE SOURCES:
  •      - https://rubygems.org/
  •   - SHELL PATH:
  •      - /usr/local/sbin
  •      - /usr/local/bin
  •      - /usr/sbin
  •      - /usr/bin
  •      - /sbin
  •      - /bin
  •      - /usr/games
  •      - /usr/local/games
  •      - /usr/lib/wsl/lib
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/Scripts/
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.1-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.0-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Common Files/Oracle/Java/javapath
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/Wbem
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/WindowsPowerShell/v1.0/
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/OpenSSH/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Calibre2/
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/c/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/site/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/MATLAB/R2021b/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/nodejs/
  •      - /mnt/c/ProgramData/chocolatey/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Ruby32-x64/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/atom/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/MiKTeX/miktex/bin/x64/
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/Git/cmd
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Roaming/npm
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/binSylvain RIGAL
  • ```
  • </details>
  • ## Debian 12 on VBox
  • Also tried with a fresh install of Debian 12 (iso image [debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso](https://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/iso-cd/debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso)) on Virtual Box (version 7.0.8) on Windows 11 22H2 Host.
  • Ruby installed with rbenv:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install rbenv
  • rbenv install 3.1.2 # WITHOUT sudo!
  • sudo gem install bundler
  • ```
  • The same errors occurs when trying the QPixel `bundle install` without `sudo` and if I tried to install `bundle` without `sudo` (i.e. with `gem install bundler`), see EDIT 1.1.
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user, and note that I tried to install first Ruby with rvm (but it fails) before to install it with rbenv...)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  • - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  • - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  • - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  • - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  • - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  • - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  • - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  • - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  • - ruby
  • - x86_64-linux
  • - GEM PATHS:
  • - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  • - :update_sources => true
  • - :verbose => true
  • - :backtrace => false
  • - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  • - REMOTE SOURCES:
  • - https://rubygems.org/
  • - SHELL PATH:
  • - /usr/local/bin
  • - /usr/bin
  • - /bin
  • - /usr/local/games
  • - /usr/games
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • ```
  • </details>
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that
  • you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • **EDIT 1.1 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):** If I try to install bundle WITHOUT sudo, I got the following error message:
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem install bundler
  • Fetching bundler-2.4.16.gem
  • ERROR: While executing gem ... (Gem::FilePermissionError)
  • You don't have write permissions for the /var/lib/gems/3.1.0 directory.
  • ```
  • # Set up
  • ## WSL2 Debian 11
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
  • **EDIT 1.2 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):**
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user and "Rigal" is the Windows host user)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  •   - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  •   - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  •   - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •   - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •   - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  •   - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  •   - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  •   - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  •   - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  •   - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  •      - ruby
  •      - x86_64-linux
  •   - GEM PATHS:
  •      - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •   - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  •      - :update_sources => true
  •      - :verbose => true
  •      - :backtrace => false
  •      - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  •   - REMOTE SOURCES:
  •      - https://rubygems.org/
  •   - SHELL PATH:
  •      - /usr/local/sbin
  •      - /usr/local/bin
  •      - /usr/sbin
  •      - /usr/bin
  •      - /sbin
  •      - /bin
  •      - /usr/games
  •      - /usr/local/games
  •      - /usr/lib/wsl/lib
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/Scripts/
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.1-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.0-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Common Files/Oracle/Java/javapath
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/Wbem
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/WindowsPowerShell/v1.0/
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/OpenSSH/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Calibre2/
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/c/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/site/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/MATLAB/R2021b/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/nodejs/
  •      - /mnt/c/ProgramData/chocolatey/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Ruby32-x64/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/atom/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/MiKTeX/miktex/bin/x64/
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/Git/cmd
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Roaming/npm
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/binSylvain RIGAL
  • ```
  • </details>
  • ## Debian 12 on VBox
  • Also tried with a fresh install of Debian 12 (iso image [debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso](https://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/iso-cd/)) on Virtual Box (version 7.0.8) on Windows 11 22H2 Host.
  • Ruby installed with rbenv:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install rbenv
  • rbenv install 3.1.2 # WITHOUT sudo!
  • sudo gem install bundler
  • ```
  • The same errors occurs when trying the QPixel `bundle install` without `sudo` and if I tried to install `bundle` without `sudo` (i.e. with `gem install bundler`), see EDIT 1.1.
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user, and note that I tried to install first Ruby with rvm (but it fails) before to install it with rbenv...)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  • - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  • - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  • - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  • - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  • - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  • - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  • - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  • - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  • - ruby
  • - x86_64-linux
  • - GEM PATHS:
  • - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  • - :update_sources => true
  • - :verbose => true
  • - :backtrace => false
  • - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  • - REMOTE SOURCES:
  • - https://rubygems.org/
  • - SHELL PATH:
  • - /usr/local/bin
  • - /usr/bin
  • - /bin
  • - /usr/local/games
  • - /usr/games
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • ```
  • </details>
#5: Post edited by user avatar zetyty‭ · 2023-07-13T11:03:34Z (12 months ago)
add "sudo apt install rbenv" to the "Debian 12 VBox install" section
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that
  • you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • **EDIT 1.1 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):** If I try to install bundle WITHOUT sudo, I got the following error message:
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem install bundler
  • Fetching bundler-2.4.16.gem
  • ERROR: While executing gem ... (Gem::FilePermissionError)
  • You don't have write permissions for the /var/lib/gems/3.1.0 directory.
  • ```
  • # Set up
  • ## WSL2 Debian 11
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
  • **EDIT 1.2 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):**
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user and "Rigal" is the Windows host user)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  •   - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  •   - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  •   - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •   - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •   - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  •   - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  •   - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  •   - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  •   - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  •   - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  •      - ruby
  •      - x86_64-linux
  •   - GEM PATHS:
  •      - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •   - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  •      - :update_sources => true
  •      - :verbose => true
  •      - :backtrace => false
  •      - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  •   - REMOTE SOURCES:
  •      - https://rubygems.org/
  •   - SHELL PATH:
  •      - /usr/local/sbin
  •      - /usr/local/bin
  •      - /usr/sbin
  •      - /usr/bin
  •      - /sbin
  •      - /bin
  •      - /usr/games
  •      - /usr/local/games
  •      - /usr/lib/wsl/lib
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/Scripts/
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.1-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.0-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Common Files/Oracle/Java/javapath
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/Wbem
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/WindowsPowerShell/v1.0/
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/OpenSSH/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Calibre2/
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/c/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/site/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/MATLAB/R2021b/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/nodejs/
  •      - /mnt/c/ProgramData/chocolatey/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Ruby32-x64/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/atom/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/MiKTeX/miktex/bin/x64/
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/Git/cmd
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Roaming/npm
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/binSylvain RIGAL
  • ```
  • </details>
  • ## Debian 12 on VBox
  • Also tried with a fresh install of Debian 12 (iso image [debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso](https://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/iso-cd/debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso)) on Virtual Box (version 7.0.8) on Windows 11 22H2 Host.
  • Ruby installed with rbenv:
  • ```
  • rbenv install 3.1.2 # WITHOUT sudo!
  • sudo gem install bundler
  • ```
  • The same errors occurs when trying the QPixel `bundle install` without `sudo` and if I tried to install `bundle` without `sudo` (i.e. with `gem install bundler`), see EDIT 1.1.
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user, and note that I tried to install first Ruby with rvm (but it fails) before to install it with rbenv...)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  • - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  • - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  • - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  • - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  • - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  • - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  • - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  • - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  • - ruby
  • - x86_64-linux
  • - GEM PATHS:
  • - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  • - :update_sources => true
  • - :verbose => true
  • - :backtrace => false
  • - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  • - REMOTE SOURCES:
  • - https://rubygems.org/
  • - SHELL PATH:
  • - /usr/local/bin
  • - /usr/bin
  • - /bin
  • - /usr/local/games
  • - /usr/games
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • ```
  • </details>
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that
  • you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • **EDIT 1.1 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):** If I try to install bundle WITHOUT sudo, I got the following error message:
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem install bundler
  • Fetching bundler-2.4.16.gem
  • ERROR: While executing gem ... (Gem::FilePermissionError)
  • You don't have write permissions for the /var/lib/gems/3.1.0 directory.
  • ```
  • # Set up
  • ## WSL2 Debian 11
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
  • **EDIT 1.2 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):**
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user and "Rigal" is the Windows host user)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  •   - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  •   - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  •   - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •   - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •   - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  •   - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  •   - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  •   - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  •   - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  •   - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  •      - ruby
  •      - x86_64-linux
  •   - GEM PATHS:
  •      - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •   - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  •      - :update_sources => true
  •      - :verbose => true
  •      - :backtrace => false
  •      - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  •   - REMOTE SOURCES:
  •      - https://rubygems.org/
  •   - SHELL PATH:
  •      - /usr/local/sbin
  •      - /usr/local/bin
  •      - /usr/sbin
  •      - /usr/bin
  •      - /sbin
  •      - /bin
  •      - /usr/games
  •      - /usr/local/games
  •      - /usr/lib/wsl/lib
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/Scripts/
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.1-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.0-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Common Files/Oracle/Java/javapath
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/Wbem
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/WindowsPowerShell/v1.0/
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/OpenSSH/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Calibre2/
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/c/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/site/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/MATLAB/R2021b/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/nodejs/
  •      - /mnt/c/ProgramData/chocolatey/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Ruby32-x64/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/atom/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/MiKTeX/miktex/bin/x64/
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/Git/cmd
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Roaming/npm
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/binSylvain RIGAL
  • ```
  • </details>
  • ## Debian 12 on VBox
  • Also tried with a fresh install of Debian 12 (iso image [debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso](https://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/iso-cd/debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso)) on Virtual Box (version 7.0.8) on Windows 11 22H2 Host.
  • Ruby installed with rbenv:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install rbenv
  • rbenv install 3.1.2 # WITHOUT sudo!
  • sudo gem install bundler
  • ```
  • The same errors occurs when trying the QPixel `bundle install` without `sudo` and if I tried to install `bundle` without `sudo` (i.e. with `gem install bundler`), see EDIT 1.1.
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user, and note that I tried to install first Ruby with rvm (but it fails) before to install it with rbenv...)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  • - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  • - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  • - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  • - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  • - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  • - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  • - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  • - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  • - ruby
  • - x86_64-linux
  • - GEM PATHS:
  • - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  • - :update_sources => true
  • - :verbose => true
  • - :backtrace => false
  • - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  • - REMOTE SOURCES:
  • - https://rubygems.org/
  • - SHELL PATH:
  • - /usr/local/bin
  • - /usr/bin
  • - /bin
  • - /usr/local/games
  • - /usr/games
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • ```
  • </details>
#4: Post edited by user avatar zetyty‭ · 2023-07-13T10:46:13Z (12 months ago)
EDIT 1.1 and 1.2 after follow-up answer
  • How to get QPixel bundle install working without sudo privileges?
  • How to get QPixel bundle install working without sudo privileges on Debian?
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that
  • you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • # Set up
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that
  • you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • **EDIT 1.1 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):** If I try to install bundle WITHOUT sudo, I got the following error message:
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem install bundler
  • Fetching bundler-2.4.16.gem
  • ERROR: While executing gem ... (Gem::FilePermissionError)
  • You don't have write permissions for the /var/lib/gems/3.1.0 directory.
  • ```
  • # Set up
  • ## WSL2 Debian 11
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
  • **EDIT 1.2 after [answer](https://collab.codidact.org/posts/288973/288978#answer-288978):**
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user and "Rigal" is the Windows host user)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  •   - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  •   - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  •   - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •   - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •   - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  •   - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  •   - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  •   - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  •   - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  •   - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  •      - ruby
  •      - x86_64-linux
  •   - GEM PATHS:
  •      - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •      - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  •      - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  •   - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  •      - :update_sources => true
  •      - :verbose => true
  •      - :backtrace => false
  •      - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  •   - REMOTE SOURCES:
  •      - https://rubygems.org/
  •   - SHELL PATH:
  •      - /usr/local/sbin
  •      - /usr/local/bin
  •      - /usr/sbin
  •      - /usr/bin
  •      - /sbin
  •      - /bin
  •      - /usr/games
  •      - /usr/local/games
  •      - /usr/lib/wsl/lib
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/Scripts/
  •      - /mnt/c/Python311/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.1-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/ImageMagick-7.1.0-Q16-HDRI
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Common Files/Oracle/Java/javapath
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/Wbem
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/WindowsPowerShell/v1.0/
  •      - /mnt/c/WINDOWS/System32/OpenSSH/
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files (x86)/Calibre2/
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/c/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/site/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Strawberry/perl/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/MATLAB/R2021b/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Program Files/nodejs/
  •      - /mnt/c/ProgramData/chocolatey/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Ruby32-x64/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/atom/bin
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/MiKTeX/miktex/bin/x64/
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Programs/Git/cmd
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Roaming/npm
  •      - /mnt/c/Users/Rigal/AppData/Local/Microsoft/WindowsApps
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  •      - /home/tyty/.rvm/binSylvain RIGAL
  • ```
  • </details>
  • ## Debian 12 on VBox
  • Also tried with a fresh install of Debian 12 (iso image [debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso](https://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/iso-cd/debian-12.0.0-amd64-netinst.iso)) on Virtual Box (version 7.0.8) on Windows 11 22H2 Host.
  • Ruby installed with rbenv:
  • ```
  • rbenv install 3.1.2 # WITHOUT sudo!
  • sudo gem install bundler
  • ```
  • The same errors occurs when trying the QPixel `bundle install` without `sudo` and if I tried to install `bundle` without `sudo` (i.e. with `gem install bundler`), see EDIT 1.1.
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • Output of `gem env` ("tyty" is the Debian user, and note that I tried to install first Ruby with rvm (but it fails) before to install it with rbenv...)
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ gem env
  • RubyGems Environment:
  • - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.3.15
  • - RUBY VERSION: 3.1.2 (2022-04-12 patchlevel 20) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
  • - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/ruby3.1
  • - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git
  • - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin
  • - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/specs
  • - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /etc
  • - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS:
  • - ruby
  • - x86_64-linux
  • - GEM PATHS:
  • - /var/lib/gems/3.1.0
  • - /home/tyty/.local/share/gem/ruby/3.1.0
  • - /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ruby/gems/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - /usr/share/rubygems-integration/all
  • - /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/rubygems-integration/3.1.0
  • - GEM CONFIGURATION:
  • - :update_sources => true
  • - :verbose => true
  • - :backtrace => false
  • - :bulk_threshold => 1000
  • - REMOTE SOURCES:
  • - https://rubygems.org/
  • - SHELL PATH:
  • - /usr/local/bin
  • - /usr/bin
  • - /bin
  • - /usr/local/games
  • - /usr/games
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • - /home/tyty/.rvm/bin
  • ```
  • </details>
#3: Post edited by user avatar zetyty‭ · 2023-07-12T10:57:10Z (12 months ago)
edit summary section code nlock to avoid "block extends past the right hand edge"
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • # Set up
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that
  • you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • # Set up
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
#2: Post edited by user avatar trichoplax‭ · 2023-07-12T09:13:53Z (12 months ago)
Typo plus tidying
How to get QPixel bundle install working without sudo privileges?
  • When I try to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and after a lot of orange warnings apears like this one (several for each "fletched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to works fine because I don't have detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • # Set up
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
  • When I tried to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ bundle install
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • ```
  • Then I am asked for the sudo password and afterwards a lot of orange warnings appear like this one (several for each "fetched" `gem`):
  • ```
  • Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):
  • <details>
  • <summary>
  • ```
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
  • `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • ```
  • </summary>
  • ```
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  • /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'
  • An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
  • [..] # Similar error messages apears after
  • ```
  • </details>
  • So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
  • ```
  • ~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
  • Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
  • Fetching bundler 2.4.13
  • Installing bundler 2.4.13
  • Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
  • [..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
  • ```
  • It seems to work fine because I have not detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel, even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.
  • But my questions are:
  • 1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
  • 2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel `bundle install`?**
  • I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...
  • # Set up
  • I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:
  • ```
  • sudo apt install bundler
  • ```
  • Ruby installed with:
  • ```
  • curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • ```
#1: Initial revision by user avatar zetyty‭ · 2023-07-12T06:38:27Z (12 months ago)
How to get QPixel bundle install working without sudo privileges?
When I try to install QPixel with `bundle install` I got the following message (on Debian 11):

```
~/qpixel$ bundle install
Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
Fetching bundler 2.4.13
Installing bundler 2.4.13
```

Then I am asked for the sudo password and after a lot of orange warnings apears like this one (several for each "fletched" `gem`):
```
Retrying download gem from https://rubygems.org/ due to error (2/4): Bundler::PermissionError There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/erubi-1.11.0.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
```

And then the installation stops with the following red error message (similar error messages are displayed):

<details>
<summary>

```
Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to
`/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/concurrent-ruby-1.1.10.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
```

</summary>

```   
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
  /var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'

Bundler::PermissionError: There was an error while trying to write to `/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/cache/minitest-5.16.3.gem`. It is likely that you need to grant write permissions for that path.
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:105:in `rescue in filesystem_access'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb:102:in `filesystem_access'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:483:in `block in download_gem'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:40:in `run'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/retry.rb:30:in `attempt'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb:474:in `download_gem'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:481:in `download_gem'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:443:in `fetch_gem'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:427:in `fetch_gem_if_possible'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb:156:in `install'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:54:in `install'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb:16:in `install_from_spec'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:156:in `do_install'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb:147:in `block in worker_pool'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:62:in `apply_func'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:57:in `block in process_queue'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `loop'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:54:in `process_queue'
/var/lib/gems/3.1.0/gems/bundler-2.4.13/lib/bundler/worker.rb:90:in `block (2 levels) in create_threads'

An error occurred while installing minitest (5.16.3), and Bundler cannot continue.

[..] # Similar error messages apears after
```

</details>


So I have to run `bundle` with `sudo`: `sudo bundle install` and I got the following message (but the installation is successful):
```
~/qpixel$ sudo bundle install
Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
Bundler 2.3.15 is running, but your lockfile was generated with 2.4.13. Installing Bundler 2.4.13 and restarting using that version.
Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.
Fetching bundler 2.4.13
Installing bundler 2.4.13
Don't run Bundler as root. Installing your bundle as root will break this application for all non-root users on this machine.
[..] # After, the installation proceeds correctly
```

It seems to works fine because I don't have detected any problem when running the local instance of QPixel even if I start it with `rails s` without `sudo`.

But my questions are:   
1. **What are the possible issues related to a QPixel `bundle install` with `sudo`?**
2. **How to avoid using `sudo` to obtain a successful QPixel  `bundle install`?**  
    I tried to install first the "good" version of `bundle` with `sudo gem install bundler:2.4.13` but I got the same `PermissionError` messages during the `bundle install`...

# Set up
I tried on a fresh Debian 11 bullseye on Windows Subsystem Linux Version 2 (WSL2), Windows 11 22H2 host and `bundle` installed with:

```
sudo apt install bundler
```
Ruby installed with:
```
curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
```